Acne is a timeless skin issue

We will help you understand what acne is and help you identify each type of acne and the causes. This is the key to gaining the upper hand on your acne, to control your acne instead of letting your acne control you.

What is Acne?

There is no single disease which causes more psychic trauma, maladjustment between parents and children, more general insecurity and feelings of inferiority and greater sums of psychic suffering than does acne vulgaris.

Marion Sulzberger, MD, 1948

Acne which is also known as acne vulgaris is an inflammatory condition that arises in the pilosebaceous follicle. A hair follicle is composed of pores or an opening on the skin’s surface and underneath the skin, the hair bulb with a sebaceous gland (oil gland) connected to it.

The oil gland empties into this pore, and even though it is a hair follicle. Hair may not grow out of it as the hair might be very fine.

Hormones control the activity of the sebaceous glands, causing them to enlarge, and become more active, produce more sebum or oil. This sebum will then mixes with the dead skin cells inside a widened hair follicle to clog our pores.

Androgen hormones increase in both the boys and the girls during puberty, and these hormones can contribute to acne flares by stimulating the sebaceous oil glands attached to the pores. The hormones provoke the release of the sebum (oily matter) into your pores and onto your skin. Androgen hormones increase when you hit puberty or when you are stressed, making your oil glands go crazy.

We all have bacteria living on our skin called propionibacterium acnes. It is completely harmless until it is fed with oil. When the acne bacteria on your face have access to a plentiful oil supply, which your sebaceous gland pumps out, it can inflame and infect the follicle. As the bacterial infection deepens and pressure grows behind the clogged pore, your immune system reacts, and a pus-filled bump forms on the top of your skin – a pimple. Acne is really the result of your skin trying to fight off the infection, and the result is the undesirable big red zit.

There are three main types of acne. You can have one or all three kinds of acne. They are listed in order of severity below:

  • Comedones
  • Inflammatory papules and pustules
  • Cysts and nodules


Comedones are created when pores are plugged with excess sebum oil, which combines with keratin (dark skin cells) and dirt or debris from our environment. Comedones are the primary lesions, the building blocks of acne. They consist of two types: whiteheads and blackheads.

Blackheads can also be called open comedones. It is not black because of dark dirt, clogged with black dirt, etc. It is dark in color because of the content is oxidized (exposed to oxygen).

They are often found on anywhere on every part of your body that have follicles.

It can be removed by a dermatologist or yourself by safety gentle squeezing. However, do be aware of the scarring side effects if not done properly. Extracting through an experienced dermatologist is much a safer option and they usually have tools used for safer extractions.

While a “blackheads” are open comedones, whiteheads are technically closed comedones. Whitehead is beneath the skin’s surface, and so without exposure to air and oxygen, the bump appears to be white or fleshed colored instead.

They are best removed through a dermatologist, as improper procedures done will lead to permanent scarring on the face.

Papules and Pustules

So we have mentioned to you earlier about comedones and they are the building blocks of acne.

So how to do all these small assuming bumps that may be fun and interesting to squeeze develop into painful, red, embarrassing bumps that we recognized them as pimples and zits later?

The bacteria we called Propionibacterium acnes that normally live on our skin invade into the plugged pores, providing them the perfect environment for the bacteria to grow and thrive.

As the bacteria increase in number, this increase the pressure within the pore, the mix of oil, bacteria, and skin cells can cause a rupture to the comedone. This, in turn, leads to the red zit, the redness, the inflammation, the swelling and the pain in the area.

They officially became papules and pustules and are no longer comedones.

Papules and pustules are the inflammatory types of acne. Squeezing and picking on lesions like this can cause dark spots or even scarring.

You may be tempted to pick or squeeze it when it seems so ripe for the picking, but picking causes more problems than it is worth.

Papules are the flesh-colored to pink, red bumps that form when the weakened follicles burst open. These bumps can be very sensitive to the touch.

Moderate acne includes the accurately named pustules, which are deeper, reddish pimples filled with white or yellow pus. The surrounding skin can be rooted in inflammation and are also tender to the touch.

When acne papules are really deep, they often don’t produce a noticeable bump, but actually form a larger and only slightly raised but really painful lump under the skin. These bumps are known as cysts and nodules.

Cystic Acne

Cystic acne is the most severe form of acne. It is characterized by highly inflamed cysts and nodules.

Nodules are deep, large, painful swellings that are stiffer and harder to the touch because the inflammation is even deeper into the skin.

When this pimples grow, it is a 100% no picking zone on pimples like this. The increased inflammation associated with cysts and nodules poses a significant risk of permanent scarring.

The deeper the inflammation, the higher the risk of the inflammation. These are the reasons why dermatologists usually use the most aggressive medications to treat them than standard run-on the-mill topical and acne treatments.

Acne Impact Daily Living

Acne is a problem that contains a very serious impact on lives for adolescents and adults alike. We are all familiar with the acne, we have seen friends who have to deal with it and we definitely have encountered once or more in our entire life.

I believe a lot of all these frustrations should have come from the frustrations, sadness surrounding acne stems that we have from the feelings of a loss of control.

Our goal as one health and skincare company is to provide you with the right information to successfully gain back your control through treating acne and clearing the skin up.

And to gain control, you must be educated. We will teach you how to best identify what you have on your skin and why is it happening? Then you will better understand what treatment options work best for your skin, and your sense of control will be reestablished. This is the best way to find the treatment that will work for you.

Acne is an extremely common skin complaint in the world. It affects more than five million people every year. A staggering of approximately 85% of young people between twelve and twenty-four experience some degree of acne.

Acne breakouts peak is most people during their teenage years. However, it is also common for adults like men and women to wrestle with adult acne.

The term adult acne should be an oxymoron but unfortunately, it should be not. When dermatologist calls the “adult-onset-acne,” it meant all ages and affect people into their thirties, forties, and fifties. Women tend to get more acne problems more often than men.

Some may say don’t worry about the acne issues and it will eventually go off by itself. It is better not to treat as it will go off by itself someday anyway, so why waste your time treating it? So does someone with a handful of blackheads on their nose need treatment?

However, acne breakout can have a terrible impact on our lives, the way we relate to others and to the world during any time of our life. Acne breakout can be the difference between going to school or staying home alone feeling ashamed of our skin.

Certainly the more serious the acne, the more likely you are to suffer from the discomfort and other adverse effects like increased risk of infection and scarring. Equally as important is developing emotional scars that are just debilitating and painful.

What causes acne?

If you are a teenager, your parents might tell you that acne is just the rite of the passage into your adulthood. You start to grow hair in new places, your limbs get long, you get clumsier and you become unsure of yourself and the world around you.

If you are no longer a teenager and still have to deal with acne, you are probably female, and this acne is cyclical cropping up once or twice in a month.

Family History

Just like we inherited the nose, eyes and face shapes from our parent, we can too inherit the parent’s skin types from them too. Genetic in fact, plays a big role in acne.

If you have parents who have oily skin, acne-prone skin, who have had bad acne during his or her teenage years, chances are higher if you are in the same position.


The hormonal outbreak is behind most of the outbreaks of adult acne in females. Females experience these shifts around their period when they ovulate.

The appearance of acne in the premenstrual phase is related to the drop in the levels of female sex hormones estrogen.

Many females are able to sense that they are about to get their period because of the breast swellings, bloating, skin drying reactions, and food cravings before menstruation.

Menstruation allows androgens (males hormones such as testosterone that are present in both sexes) the freedom to overstimulate the sebaceous gland, which then overproduces the oil that leads to acne.

The movement from female to male hormones can cause pimples and the oiliness of the hair and scalp.

Majority of the woman that experiences acne have normal hormonal level, but woman that experiences acne at the chin area accompanied with excess facial, body hair, voices deepening, irregular and infrequent menstrual periods are best recommended to do some hormonal testing.


In my opinion, stress does not directly cause acne, but it can exacerbate the conditions of acne. Stress can and do suppress our immune system, which can then weaken our body’s ability to defend against bacteria and inflammation.

Stress also causes the release of hormones such as cortisol, which may, in turn, lead to an increase in the production of oil on our skin.

When people get stress out, there are higher chances of them picking more of their pimples, have lesser willpower to keep the hands and nails away from our skin.

There is a scientific term for such illnesses known as acne excoriee, in psychological terms also known as OCD, the ways many people deal with their stresses.

Skincare Products

Always look for products that labeled noncomedogenic, or nonacnegenic. Sometimes skincare products with thick anti-aging night creams, makeups, moisturizers, cleansers, and sunscreen may be making your skin worse.


Most of the acne cases are not due to medication, however, in some rare conditions, acne can be a side effect of some medications.

Such medicines may contain iodides, bromides, oral or injected steroids including those that athletes take.


Some scientists have done researches, some small observational studies suggested that milk, especially skim milk can cause and promote acne breakouts.

Some think that there is a link between high glycemic load (high-sugar diet) increase tendencies for pimples. There is no scientific claims to this finding, more definitive studies have to be done to confirm or deny these claims.

Experiment it and if you feel that staying out from chocolates, or gluten food leads to lesser acne issues, keep doing it as long as you get all the necessary nutrients and vitamins from your food.

How Acne Affects Emotions?

Low Self-Esteem

Acne breakouts cause low self-esteem. People who have acne tend to have internal negative feelings about themselves. They even avoid social situations and deny themselves the pleasure of enjoying time with friends and family.

Depression/ Anxiety

Acne is one common skin condition which many of us will have to deal with and struggle with it at some point in our time, particularly during our teenage years. For some people, however, it will continue on to adult life and cause detrimental conditions to our overall mental well-being.

In a world when so much pressure is put onto physical appearance, having acne issues can seriously impact your self-esteem and confidence.

There are many occurrences when people went to the extent of committing suicide due to acne issues. Their normal life is interrupted, they have to cancel dates, miss job interviews, call in sick to work, and even spending time with their own family due to the fear of judgment.

Social Anxiety

Acne can really impact peoples’ self-esteem and can even lead to depression. I have worked with people who felt so conscious that they don’t want to be around other people. They might avoid spending time with friends or even go out dating.

They will avoid certain outdoor activities so that they don’t have to wear revealing clothing that reveals body acne, avoid exercises which might sweat their make up off. Basically acne inhibit people from enjoying their lives to the fullest.


One of the emotions that acne brings out that will surprise you is anger. You are not alone with this one. Acne is a very frustrating condition. To many, it is frustrating to be taking care of your skin the whole day and still experience break out.

It is frustrating to see others sleeping with makeups, never cleanse their face and still have clear skin.

Acne Busters

When pores and hair follicles become blocked, sebum, the skin’s natural oil, can’t drain and bacteria infect it, causing blackheads and whiteheads to form just under the skin.

Fasting will help to clear the skin cells of the waste. Cleansing the skin on the outside with soap and cleansing the skin on the inside are two combinations of the very best remedy that works for acne. In fact, it is the best method to cure acne you will ever find.

In addition, diet is important to reduce the inflammation and keep the skin follicles open and clear.

Foods for your face that are rich in vitamins A, B, and C are smoothies and juices that are made from melon, green vegetable, spinach, broccoli, swiss chard.

Yellow, orange vegetables and fruits for example apricots, red peppers, carrots, squash, and carrots are bursting with anti-inflammatory beta carotene, another good acne-buster.

Low-fat vegan diet actually saves you a lot from acne problems, people who do eat it usually have a much lesser chance of getting outrageous acne outbreaks.

Vegan Diets Control Acne

Here are some successful vegan diet you can eat to have a better, clearer skin.

  • Plant foods only, and no more animal products
  • Unrefined starches should be the cornerstone of your diet
  • Avoid all oils
  • Avoid high-fat plant foods
  • Eat whole foods, food as grown, minimally processed.
  • Eat simply, variety is not important, repetition can promote long term success.

Clear Skin Diet Program

We wanted to share additional thoughts and tips to help assure success for your clear skin diet program. In our successful acne intervention programs, we encourage all participants to keep a food journal and record everything they eat and drink, other than water.

Many of them found tracking beneficial, note everything you consume and generally try to do so right after each meal or snack. Every intervention participants do it differently, some kept them in a food journal, some wrote it as a note on their phones, some used free apps like MyNetDiary.

The point is not to track calories or macros but to become aware of what exactly you are eating. If you are not going to get results as fast as you would like, you will have a record of all the foods you consume. You can talk about it with others on the clear skin diet discussion forums.

When you are testing for food sensitivities, keeping a record of what you are eating is critical. Over time of recording, you may begin to see specific food sensitivities that cause you to have a breakout at a certain point in your time.

Drink Water

The foods in clear skin diet contain a higher water content than most people will be accustomed to eating, and the added water is a bonus. The increased water consumption could be helpful in resolving the breakouts.

While your thirst is the best indicator of the amount of water you need, we do recommend making a conscious effort to drink more water, at least at the initial stage of the cleansing program.

There might not be many types of research to support that drinking more water can help you fight against acne, we do however know that water helps to boost blood flow and clear toxins from the body.

Many people credited increasing water intake as being one of the keys to cure his cystic ance issues.

Good Night’s Sleep

We know from many types of research done and told by health guidelines to have a minimum of at least 8 hours of sleep daily.

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